Utah Professional

Archaeological Council

Subtitle

1988: Vol 1 No 1

Utah Archaeology 1988, Volume 1, Number 1

Full Text of Issue

CONTENTS OF ISSUE

ARTICLES

  • Fluted Projectile Points in Utah by James M. Copeland and Richard E. Fike
    The locational and morphological characteristics of 43 Clovis and Folsom projectile point specimens from 40 locations in Utah are described. Morphologically, they fall well within the range for specimens from other sites outside of Utah. While the number of finds argues for the presence of Late Pleistocene and early Holocene human populations in Utah, a direct association with extinct megafauna remains has not yet been verified.
  • Changes in Anasazi Perceptions of Household and Village Space at Nancy Patterson Village by James D. Wilde and Charmaine Thompson
    Illuminating changes in Anasazi household units, made up of associated habitation and storage rooms, as well as socio-religious structures such as kivas, was the primary aim of research at Nancy Patterson Village. The focus on households representing the two most intensive occupations at the site, during late Pueblo I and early Pueblo II, and then again during middle to late Pueblo III, allowed a detailed look at prehistoric uses and perceptions of space. We argue that an open posture, possibly related to a commitment of interaction at the household, community and regional levels, characterized the first major occupation. Evidence from the Pueblo I/II household and nearby open socio-religious structure can be extrapolated to the village, suggesting Nancy Patterson’s role in interacting or controlling communication and transportation up and down Montezuma Canyon. This is compared to an apparent contraction of household space, limiting it to increasingly defined interior areas during the middle to late Pueblo III occupation. The latter suggests a decreasing commitment to community and regional interaction, giving the impression of a group of closed, withdrawn households, forming a poorly integrated community that was abandoned near the end of the thirteenth century.

REPORTS

  • An Unusual Cache of Painted Bison Bone From Box Elder County, Utah by Mark Stuart
    The purpose of this article is to document a cache of painted bison bone in the Joseph Pauli collection of Ogden, Utah. Joseph or “Joe” Pauli was a hobbyist of many interests who made several large collections of specimens including rocks and minerals, historic Mormon and Chinese items and both prehistoric and historic Indian artifacts. I interviewed Mr. Pauli and examined his collection in 1981. Mr. Pauli passed away in February of 1988 and his heirs have retained possession of the collection. Many of these Indian artifacts were collected during the winter months, when snow made agricultural pursuits impossible. During this time, Mr. Pauli and several associates would make random excavations into the numerous caves and rockshelters in the Promontory-Blue Creek area at the northeast edge of the Great Salt Lake (Figure 1). These non-professional excavations covered a period of time from the 1930 to the early 1950.  After about twenty years of collecting, Pauli had accumulated an extensive collection of artifacts, ranging from the more common stone, bone and pottery artifacts to many perishable and unusual items. These artifacts represent thousands of years of prehistory in the Great Salt Lake region. Some of the more interesting artifacts in the Pauli collection are painted bison bone artifacts described here. 

  • Utah Radiocarbon Dates I: Pre-1970 Dates by David B. Madsen and Dyan Rowe
    The following compilation of radiocarbon dates is ultimately derived from an extended personal search for the “Texas dates” from Danger Cave. As part of a recent research project at the site, we attempted to correlate existing dates with newly run dates from the site and continually ran across obscure references to a set of dates which had not been published in any of the original work or in the many subsequent archaeological and paleoenvironmental studies based extensively on the Danger Cave chronology. In short, it became evident that publication of a list of radiocarbon dates from Utah, together with a commitment to update that list on a regular basis, was a necessity.
  • The Loa Obsidian Cache by Joel C. Janetski
    In 1977 two residents of Loa, Utah, were hiking on a ridge above Road Creek north of their home town, when they observed a shining reflection from under one of the thousands of basalt boulders that cover the ridge. Upon closer inspection they discovered a cache of large obsidian artifacts which they carefully removed. The existence of these artifacts was brought to the attention of the Office of Public Archaeology at Brigham Young University who contacted the discoverers and received permission to study the cache. In February of 1987 the authors visited Loa and photographed, sketched, and took small samples of each artifact for sourcing. Later, authors Wilde and Janetski visited and recorded the site where the cache was located.

BOOK REVIEWS

  • Anthropology of the Desert West – Essays in Honor of Jesse D. Jennings, reviewed by Robert B. Kohl
  • The Pinenut Site: Virgin Anasazi Archaeology on the Kanab Plateau of Northwestern Arizona, reviewed by David R. Wilcox