Utah Archaeology 1995, Volume 5, Number 1
CONTENTS OF ISSUE
- Message from the Editors by Kevin T. Jones and Robert B. Kohl
ARTICLES AND REPORTS
- The Keystone Azurite Mine in Southeastern Utah by Nancy Coulam and Alan R. Schroedl
Over the past 25 years human skeletal remains have been sporadically discovered at the Keystone Azurite Mine in southeastern Utah. These finds have been cited in the popular literature as being 100 million year old human remains. However, an inspection of the mine, a review of the field notes, and interviews with participants, coupled with a review of prehistoric mining in the Greater Southwest, indicate that these finds are the remains of ancestral Puebloan miners dating to about the 6th or 7th century A.D.
- The Rabbit Drive Throughout Time: Analysis of the North American Ethnographic and Prehistoric Evidence by Brian S. Shaffer and Karen M. Gardner
For Native American Indians living in desolate areas of the Great Basin and the Southwest, the rabbit drive was an important method for obtaining leporid (jackrabbit and cottontail) resources. Archaeologists infer that the rabbit drive was in use prehistorically, based primarily on ethnographic analogy and the recovery of game nets thought to be used in rabbit drives. No definitive archaeological rabbit drive sites have been identified, however, and most game nets were only recovered from storage contexts. Additional prehistoric rabbit drive data comes from an eleventh century Classic Mimbres Style III bowl from New Mexico. The bowl’s motif clearly depicts a rabbit drive in progress. Comparison of the archaeological and ethnographic evidence indicates that rabbit drives were practiced over both a wide geographic area and long period of time using the same technology and basic group tactics as were recorded historically.
- Site 42SA22396: A Prehistoric Hoe Procurment Site on Big Bench, Southern San Juan County, Utah by William E. Davis and Keith R. Montgomery
Investigations have been conducted on the lithic technology and geological chemical composition and distribution of a particular artifact assemblage located on Big Bench, southern San Juan County, Utah. Current research at Site 42Sa22396 demonstrates that a tuffaceous silty claystone with accretionary lapilli, occurring in the Jurassic Morrison Formation, was the preferred production material for a specialized type of prehistoric hoe.
- The Prehistoric Baskets from The Leo C. Thorne Collection, Part 2 by C. Lawrence DeVed and Rhoda Thorne DeVed
Editor’s Note: The following descriptions and accompanying photographs of baskets from the Leo Thorne collection by C. Lawrence and Rhoda Thorne DeVed are an important contribution to knowledge of basketry from in and around the Uinta Basin. Archaeologists have known about the collection for some time and have been anxious to learn more about the extraordinarily diverse basketry. Part 1 of the article is published in the 1994 issue of Utah Archaeology.
- Antiquities Section, Utah Division of State History, List of Reports with 1995 Project Numbers by Evelyn Seelinger
All organizations who conduct archaeological projects in the state are obliged to: (1) obtain a project number form the Antiquities Section, Division of State History and (2) submit a report on the work done. The following is a list of reports received by the Antiquities Section, for projects with 1995 project numbers. These reports are on file, and are available to qualified researchers.
- Across the West: Human Population Movement and the Expansion of the Numa, reviewed by Robert L. Kelly
- Accidental Archaeologist, reviewed by William B. Fawcett, Jr.
- Holocene Archaeology Near Squaw Butte, Canyonlands National Park, Utah, reviewed by Owen Severance