Utah Archaeology 2006, Volume 19, Number 1
- The Johnson Rockshelter (Site 42UN2580): An Analysis of Material Remains and Cultural Contexts of a Fremont Storage Site by Ian C. Lindsay and Byron Loosle
The Johnson Rockshelter is a large alcove located northwest of Vernal, Utah on Ashley Creek. The shelter has been explored by a number of professional and amateur archaeologists over the last century. A recent USAS excavation documented the site and found that during the Fremont era (around 880 A.D.) the entire interior of the alcove was converted into a storage facility where a variety of large pits were dug into bedrock and lined with clay. Although only storage features were uncovered, a variety of tools and other artifacts suggest that sometime during prehistory the alcove was not just used for storage and the interior may have been remodeled once during its use life. One proposed model for the cave’s function suggests the valley’s residents were seasonally mobile and temporarily abandoned the area to go hunting or for some other purpose, while leaving deposited goods securely stored.
- Archaeological Outreach with Kids along the Wasatch Front by Phoebe Eskenazi and Ronald J. Rood
Because the science of archaeology draws upon so many different disciplines, it is a perfect mechanism to teach young people about all aspects of science, math, the arts and character. Doing archaeological field and laboratory work with 4th – 6th grade elementary students not only exposes them to archaeology but it can also enlighten them to a whole range of ideas and endeavors using archaeology as a backdrop. Exposing kids to anthropology and archaeology ensures future stewards for the resource and at the same time, serves to excite their minds about science and the arts. Working with kids on an archaeological site is not easy and it is not for everyone but we believe it is a focal point for public outreach efforts.
- The Use of 3D Laser Scanning in Mapping a Petroglyph Site by Misti Haines and Joelle McCathy
Rock art sites can be notoriously difficult to record. Recording large sites can consume massive amounts of time, shifting light can make photos and even sketches difficult, and two dimensional maps don’t accurately capture the three dimensional spaces. As an experiment to combat these issues, Fillmore Field Office BLM integrated 3-D laser site mapping into a 2006 National Public Land Day rock art recording project. Ensuring that the three dimensional data could be utilized as a meaningful mapping tool involved experimentation with the ArcMap and ArcScene software. Eventually, a successful solution using a hyperlink command to link traditionally recorded panel data to three dimensional locations was reached. However, this process still needs refinement and will likely evolve as more data and better technology becomes available.
THE AVOCATIONALIST'S CORNER:
- A Shaman’s Pipe/Sucking Tube from the Great Salt Lake Region by Mark Stuart
A large stone pipe or tube comprised of 15 individual fragments was found near Plain City, Utah by Joseph Skeen in the mid to late 1800s. The object was passed down through the Skeen family until it was examined by the author in 1988. A proposition is made that the large cigar shaped artifact may be a shaman’s sucking tube reminiscent of artifacts found in southern Idaho and Wyoming.
- House of Rain: Tracking a Vanished Civilization across the American Southwest reviewed by Steve Simms
- Colorado Prehistory: A Context for the Southern Colorado River Basin reviewed by Jody J. Patterson and Keith R. Montgomery