Utah Archaeology 2007, Volume 20, Number 1
CONTENTS OF ISSUE
- Message from the Editors by Chris N. Watkins and David T. Yoder
- An Intermittent, Linear Diamond-Shaped Pattern of Dots in Aerial Photographs of Range Creek Canyon, Utah by Steven J. Manning
A linear feature consisting of a repeating pattern of dots in a diamond shape exists in aerial photographs of Range Creek, Utah. It appears in the photographs only on the sagebrush-covered floor of the canyon and it follows an intermittent, northwest-southeast line for over 8 kilometers (~5 miles). Each diamond pattern is roughly 30 meters long. No explanation has been found for the creation or the purpose of this feature. The previous owner of the property for the past 50 years, Waldo Wilcox, was unaware of its existence. Cursory investigations found no evidences of it in the canyon. The feature is described and reasons provided concluding that it is an actual physical entity and not a defect in the film.
- The Zevon II Site (42PI275) in Piute County, Utah by Richard K. Talbot and Lane D. Richens
The Zevon II site (42PI275), though small, contains tantalizing fragments of one of the most interesting time periods in Utah, the early Formative. Located in the foothills near Circleville in south-central Utah, the site in fact shows evidence of periodic occupation from Archaic through Late Prehistoric times. But recent testing and limited archaeological excavation at the site revealed a temporary structure dating to about A.D. 500. These Formative period site residents hunted large game and collected a variety of wild plants. A single sherd found in the structure represents of the earliest evidences for pottery use in the region. At least three, and possibly four, individuals are represented based on human teeth found in the structure. Stable carbon isotope analysis, as well as phytolith and starch analysis were performed on those teeth. The site offers an intriguing though very limited look into a seasonal hunting-gathering strategy at a time when farming was beginning to dominate regional subsistence economies.
- The Prison Site: Evidence for Late Archaic Housepits in the Salt Lake Valley by Andrew Yentsch and Ronald J. Rood
The Antiquities Section of the Utah Division of State History conducted data recovery excavations in 2007 at 42SL186, an Archaic-age archaeological site in the south end of the Salt Lake Valley. The excavation and analyses for the site, commonly known s the Prison Site, were centered on the acquisition of data related to analyses for the site, commonly known as the Prison Site, were centered on the acquisition of data related to chronology, subsistence, seasonality, and mobility of the prehistoric inhabitants of the Salt Lake Valley. These excavations resulted in the discovery of three buried cultural features (two habitation structures and a roasting pit), a possible activity area, and the recovery of nearly 30,000 prehistoric artifacts. Radiocarbon estimates and diagnostic artifacts indicate occupations that began sometime before 3000 years ago and continued to roughly 1600 years ago.
- Chaco’s Northern Prodigies: Salmon, Aztec, and the Ascendancy of the Middle San Juan After A.D. 1100, reviewed by Matthew A. Peeples.
- Remembering Robert “Bob” Hackney, Duane Taylor, and Jack Roe, by Ronald J. Rood