Utah Archaeology 2009, Volume 22, Number 1
CONTENTS OF ISSUE
Message from the Editors
- Culturally Modified Trees from Joes Valley: Dating and Cultural Affiliation by Richard Allen and B. Jacob Skousen
Culturally Modified Trees are recognized as important archaeological features in many areas of the world. This feature class has received much less research attention in the state of Utah. Several Culturally Modified Trees from central Utah were analyzed during the current study. Using chronological, historical, and ethnographic data, we argue that these trees were modified during a 100 year period spanning the Late Prehistoric and Early Historic periods by Native American groups.
- An Application of ArcGIS Viewshed Analysis in Range Creek Canyon, Utah by Shannon Arnold Boomgarden
This paper examines the visibility of numerous remote granaries located in Range Creek Canyon of central Utah. Of the more than 400 sites recorded in the canyon, approximately twenty-five percent are storage facilities. These include granaries, (above ground storage) cists, (subterranean or semi-subterranean storage) and caches of tools or raw materials. Many of these are located in highly visible but difficult to access locations (remote granaries), while others are easily accessible but well-hidden. This pattern may represent two strategies for protecting stored resources: one in which the storage facility is plainly visible and can be easily monitored and another in which resource stores are hidden and left unattended. Using viewshed analysis, the visibility of granaries from the valley floor and from prehistoric residential sites is assessed and quantified. Recent high resolution Digital Elevation Models and georeferenced aerial photographs allow an accurate reconstruction of what is visible from each granary, i.e. archaeological sites, the valley floor and defensive vantage points. This paper will test the hypothesis that granaries are visible from the valley floor and positioned in view of residential sites. If correct, the function of this defensive positioning may be to monitor access to granaries from a distance.
- The Distribution of Gaming Pieces Across the Fremont Culture Area with a Focus on the Parowan Valley by Molly A. Hall
Fremont gaming pieces, though common in archaeological sites, have been largely ignored as a useful data set in understanding the Fremont way of life. Classification systems used in previous analyses of gaming pieces were inadequate for comparing data between sites, so a new system has been devised based on the presence and absence of decorative elements. The gaming pieces from Parowan Valley sites tend to differ in decorative style from the sites located outside of the Parowan Valley, especially those on the Colorado Plateau and in the northern Great Basin. The high quantity of gaming pieces within the Parowan Valley suggests that the locality was the focus of large aggregations of Fremont people in regular, festival-like circumstances.
- The Bailey Basket (42Em4090): An Unusual Late Prehistoric Artifact Cache in Emery County, Utah by Arie W. Leeflang, Kevin T. Jones, Andrew T. Yentsch, James M. Adavasio, and Jonathon Bailey
The Antiquities Section of the Utah Division of State History recovered an intact Late Prehistoric ceramic vessel and woven basket from a small cache in Emery County in January 2009. The basket and pot date to the historic period and were probably cached and never retrieved by a Numic speaker some 170 years ago.
- A Review of Archaeological Resource Management Techniques by Rachelle Green Handley
An archaeological management plan developed for public lands in the United States should be guided by two principal themes. First, archaeological sites are often of great interest to the public and they should have the opportunity to learn about prehistory and history from the unique perspective that visiting such sites offers them. Second, archaeological sites are non-renewable resources making their preservation crucial. These two fundamental principals are often—perhaps inevitably—at odds with one another; however, a management plan using formal and replicated techniques will allow land managers to achieve the fine balance between these two goals.
- The Social Side of Subsistence: Examining Food Choice at the Seamons Mound Site (42UT271) using Sociocultural Perspectives by Scott M. Ure
Seamons Mound (42UT271) is located in Utah Valley, just east of Utah Lake in the curving neck of Little Dry Creek on the Provo River delta. The mound is among hundreds of Fremont sites dotting the area and was excavated between 1968 and 1970 by Brigham Young University. This paper examines human remains found during the excavations at Seamons Mound that date to heart of the Fremont era. They exhibit intriguing physiological and pathological characteristics including possible head trauma and a debilitating handicap. Recent stable isotope analyses, metric studies, and sociocultural interpretations offer additional perspectives into the cultural implications of food choice for one young individual living along the shores of Utah Lake.
- "Digging for Answers: Prehistoric Archaeology in Northwestern Colorado” Review by Ronald J. Rood
- “Ancient Peoples of the Great Basin & Colorado Plateau” Review by Kevin T.Jones