Utah Archaeology 2013 Volume 26, Number 1
CONTENTS OF ISSUE
Message from the Editor
The philosopher and Roman poet, Lucretius, once said, ?Nothing from nothing ever yet was.? With this phrase he was suggesting that everything (objects, organisms, ideas, etc.) that exist in the present have a unique genealogical history. Humans are genetically linked to their ancestors, technological innovations develop from previous breakthroughs, and philosophical ideas are founded upon previous musings. This concept can easily be applied to the purpose and history of this journal in that the information contained in the articles are largely built upon previous research. At the same time this new research will one day provide foundational information and concepts for new inquiries in the future. As the new editor of Utah Archaeology, I am thrilled to help build this intellectual legacy of research. This issue includes articles that are a great representation of the breadth of archaeological history in and around our state, both those in the recent past as well as in prehistory.
I would be remiss if I did not thank our outgoing editors, David Yoder and Chris Watkins, who have tirelessly worked to publish the wonderful research that can be found in the last seven issues (2006?2012). Their attention to detail, the diversity and breadth of the articles, and the thematic volumes have contributed significantly to our knowledge of Utah history and prehistory. They were able to accomplish a huge task in reviving our journal, and we owe them a debt of gratitude for this colossal feat.Of course these recent volumes of the journal would not exist without the contributors who have submitted such important work. I look forward to working with you on the next several issues and encourage you to submit. It is only by making this information available to the public that we fulfill our duty as avocational archaeologists, scholars, scientists, and as stewards of the past
An Archaic Infant Burial from 42RI176, Northeastern Utah by Ronald J. Rood, Andrew T. Yentsch, Jack Pfertsh, Matthew Landt, Rand Greubel, and Derinna V. Kopp
Human burials dating to the Archaic period are uncommon in the archaeological record from Utah. Additionally, infant burials dating to the Archaic are especially rare. A recent chance discovery, of an infant burial during an archaeological survey, has led to a significant discovery of a 5,000 year old burial associated with wooden artifacts and a sage grouse feather.
Protohistoric and Historic Metal Projectile Points in Utah by Andrew T. Yentsch
Aboriginal weaponry constructed from historic metals are scarce in the archaeological record and in the archaeological literature for Utah despite their likely widespread use for a short but critical time in the relatively recent past. Before 2013, only two projects have formally reported their discovery in archaeological contexts in Utah. This paper describes twenty-one Protohistoric/Early Historic-era metal projectile points from eight sites.
Using 3D Laser Scanning Technology to Document the Sand Cliff Signatures Site Historic Inscriptions, Iron County, Utah by Jonathan M. Peart, Kenny DeMeurichy, Sara C. Shults, Molly Boeka Cannon, and Kenneth P. Cannon
This article reports the results from the Sand Cliff Signatures Public Archaeology project conducted by USU Archeological Services. Here we employed terrestrial LiDAR scanning technology to document what remains of the historic inscriptions left by participants of the 1849?1850 southern expedition of Parley P. Pratt in Fremont Canyon, Iron County, Utah. By using LiDAR we were able to produce a high resolution digital surface model of the historic inscriptions. The model preserves the spatial context of the panels and allowed us to isolate historic names and dates related to the 1849 expedition from subsequent inscriptions. This project highlights the benefits of using LiDAR and photogrammetry in documenting historic sites and provides a summary of our results.
Shell Artifacts from Wolf Village, A Fremont Site in Utah County, Utah by Mariana L.F. Castro and Jerina E.M. Dement
Brigham Young University?s Department of Anthropology recently recovered the largest concentration of marine shell beads ever discovered at a Fremont site. Between 2009 and 2012, 173 beads were collected from Wolf Village in Goshen, Utah. We report the results of the analysis, including a description of the methods used to study marine and freshwater shell, and also discuss some problems associated with shell identification. We determined that contrary to the belief that most Fremont Olivella shell beads were made from Californian Gulf varieties, most beads were probably manufactured from Olivella shells endemic to the California coast. The results of our analysis seem to suggest that Wolf Village participated in trade, possibly as part of a larger network between the California Coast and the Great Basin. Nevertheless, the extent and nature of this exchange system remain inconclusive.
An Unusual Educator: Understanding the Life and Work of Albert B. Reagan, 1871-1936 by Juliana Bratt and Paul Stavast
As an employee of the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1898-1934, Albert B. Reagan spent his career among native communities in the upper Midwest, Northwest coast, and throughout the Southwest. Born in Iowa, his Bureau assignments took him to Arizona, New Mexico, Minnesota, Utah, and Washington. His ethnographic and archaeological publications focus on the communities in which he lived: Jemez Pueblo, Apache, Quileute, Ute, Goshute, and Chippewa. Though often conflicted trying to balance employment duties as an agent with his curiosity as an individual and scientist, his numerous publications record significant aspects of geological, archaeological, and ethnographic information around the areas where he was stationed. This paper focuses on the major employment and life events of Reagan to illuminate the context of his contributions to science and literature.
Becoming White Clay: A History and Archaeology of Jicarilla Apache Enclavement, by B. Sunday Eiselt, Review by Ren R. Thomas