Utah Professional

Archaeological Council


1998: Vol 11 No 1

Utah Archaeology 1998, Volume 11, Number 1

Full Text of Issue



  • Robert B. Kohl by Kevin T. Jones 


  • The Confluence Site: An Early Fremont Pithouse Village in Central Utah by Rand A. Greubel
    Archaeological investigations at the Confluence Site in Emery County, Utah, so named because of its proximity to the confluence of Ivie and Muddy Creeks, have revealed a preceramic occupation characterized by substantial habitation structures, large storage pits, bow-and-arrow technology, and reliance on maize farming. The site represents the most complete example of a preceramic Fremont village excavated to date in central Utah.
  • Carcass Corners (42WN1975): A Late Archaic Site in Wayne County, Utah by Karen D. Lupo and Kenneth L. Wintch
    Archaeological excavations of Carcass Corners (42WN1975) revealed a subsurface structure associated with storage features. Radiocarbon dates from these features and other associated archaeological evidence show occupation some 2,400–3,800 years ago during the Late Archaic period. While the data recovered from Carcass Corners is modest, it is significant because the site represents a little-known time period that is transitional between Archaic and Formative economies. Furthermore, it adds to the small, but growing, database on open Late Archaic sites with habitation features.
  • 42UN1816 – Merkley Butte by Byron Loosle and Darlene Koerner
    In the early summer of 1990 members of the Uinta Basin Chapter of the Utah Statewide Archaeological Society (USAS) were hiking in the Ashley Creek area northwest of Vernal, Utah. While hiking on the steep slickrock areas west of the creek, they encountered a large vandalized Fremont site. The USAS members reported the activity to Bureau of Land Management (BLM) archaeologists. Jeanne Moe from the BLM state office visited the site in August 1990 and reported 17 possible pithouse depressions, a large number of artifacts, and abundant evidence of buried deposits. Efforts were made by BLM and Forest Service law enforcement officers to apprehend the individuals responsible for the vandalism, but video surveillance failed to capture any additional activity at the site. Although no evidence was ever found to link anyone to the vandalism, the increased activity and interest in the site by local residents ended the vandalism activity for the present. After securing a grant from the Utah Division of State History, the Uinta Basin USAS chapter began salvage excavations in the fall of 1992 at the site we have named Merkley Butte site (42UN1816), after the family which homesteaded the area. The objectives of the excavation were to determine the extent of the vandalism and if possible excavate two pithouses for comparison to previously excavated ones in the Uinta Basin. Nearly 50 people participated in the six-week-long project, including individuals from the Forest Service, local USAS chapter, BLM, Northern Ute Tribe, Mesa College, and other local residents.
  • The Parowan Site and Mortonson’s Site: A Preliminary Summary by Abraham Arnett
    From 1954 to 1964, the University of California (Los Angeles) Department of Anthropology conducted archaeological field school excavations in the Parowan Valley of southeastern Utah. During this time, a number of sites were investigated, all corresponding to the Parowan variant of the Fremont culture (Marwitt 1970). These included Evans Mound, Paragonah, the Parowan Site and Mortonson’s Site, as well as several unnamed sites in the valley. To date, one report of investigations at Paragonah (Meighan et al. 1956) and a brief article detailing the activities at Evans Mound (Alexander and Ruby 1962) constitute the only published materials pertaining to these excavations. Since the late 1960’s, two Fremont habitation sites in the Parowan Valley (Evans Mound and Median Village) have been extensively investigated by the University of Utah (Marwitt 1970, Berry 1972, Dodd 1982). In consideration of the present data on the Parowan Fremont, the particulars of the UCLA excavations at the Parowan Site and Mortonson’s Site, having remained in obscurity for more than thirty years, are now  brought to light and placed into their proper contexts within Utah prehistory and Fremont archaeology. Investigations at Evans Mound have been numerous and extensive by both the University of Utah and UCLA. For this reason, the UCLA investigations at Evans Mound will be excluded from this discussion except for reference purposes.