Utah Professional

Archaeological Council


2015: Vol 28 No 1

Utah Archaeology Volume 28, Number 1

Full Text of Issue will be posted once the 2017 journal has been published



Message from the Editor – Michael T. Searcy

Over the past three years, I’ve had the privilege of serving as the editor of Utah Archaeology (UA). It has given me an opportunity to rub elbows with so many people in our state and beyond. Without a doubt, we have a stellar network of incredible archaeologists, both in professional and avocational positions. I would like to thank the current Utah Professional Archaeological Council and its Executive Committee for all their support as we have worked to keep UA a viable and enduring source for archaeological research. I also want to thank Brigham Young University for their support on a decade’s worth of issues of UA (2006-2015). They have donated hundreds of hours of work in the form of graphical and technical editing and the printing of the journal. In particular, Scott Ure (Technical Editor) has maintained a standard of production that is nothing less than the highest quality. Finally, the journal would not exist without the contributors and reviewers. May we all continue to share our love for Utah archaeology by working to disseminate our findings with each other and the public.


Landscape Use of the First Transcontinental Railroad: Perspectives from the Ruby Pipeline Project by Jack E. Pfertsh

The history of the first Transcontinental Railroad is well documented because of its importance to the transportation history of the United States. Less understood is the use of the landscape and the infrastructure that supported the function of the railroad. During the Ruby Pipeline Project, several linear sites associated with the railroad were documented. Because pipeline construction could not avoid these sites, each required mitigation through additional data collection to thoroughly record their physical remains to provide a permanent record of the site. This was accomplished through a data-collection method that employed detailed descriptions, archival-quality photodocumentation, GPS mapping, and scaled illustrations. Collectively, these data improve our understanding of the extent of the Transcontinental Railroad’s function and the role it played in shaping the historic landscape of northwestern Utah.

Analysis of 42TO3974 Rattler Ridge: An Upland Fluted and Stemmed Projectile Point Site in the Cedar Mountains, Utah by Jennifer DeGraffenried and Joshua Trammell

The discovery of site 42TO3974 marks the first documented Pleistocene/Holocene Transition (PHT) site with a Great Basin Fluted (GBF) component on Dugway Proving Ground, Utah. The majority of PHT sites in the area are associated with remnant channels of the Old River Bed and adjacent wetlands. The location of the site in an upland, mountainous setting unaffiliated with lowland/marsh areas is exceptional. Analysis conducted on the artifact assemblage of Site 42TO3974 provides some unique insights into the nature of human adaptations in the Bonneville Basin during the PHT.

Archaeological Signatures of the Trade and Exchange of Locally Produced Utah Pottery: Capitalism and the Push for Self-Sufficiency in the Mormon Domain by Christopher W. Merritt

In hopes of establishing a self-sufficient society in what would become modern-day Utah, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints created a home industry of earthenware pottery production. Pottery production and consumption situates within a complex web of early Utah consumer choice, and straddles the historic period transitioning from barter and trade economy to a more modern recognizable capitalist, currency market. The author tested earthenware from five archaeological sites in Utah and Nevada using Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis (INAA), and compared the results against known database of elemental signatures. Results indicate that the movement of earthenware within the Mormon Domain was shaped not only by complex economic factors but also the religious control of goods and people during the nineteenth and early twentieth century.


Steward’s Lost Tipis Petroglyphs Found by Jo Lynne Harline and Joe Harline

Missing rock art is nearly impossible to track down and is rarely recovered, but in the case of one boulder covered in petroglyphs that was removed from Connor Springs in the early 1940s and placed on display miles away in Tremonton, Utah, a community has preserved it. Anthropologist Julian Steward photographed it in the 1930s and speculated that some of the glyphs were “tipis”.

A Painted Fremont Pithouse by Mark E. Stuart

Painted walls have been found in kivas in the Ancestral Puebloan region of the Southwest, but this phenomenon is unknown among the Fremont. This paper reports the first discovery of painted walls on a Fremont pithouse located in Monroe, Utah, in the Sevier River valley. The geometric designs are reminiscent of those found on rock art in the same region.


“From Mountain Top to Valley Bottom: Understanding Past Land Use in the Northern

Rio Grande Valley, New Mexico.” Review by Byron Loosle.